Saturday, May 7, 2011

Asal Usul Nama Indonesia

A. Heritage History

1. Forms heritage

History is the knowledge of all events and human actions in the past. All objects and traditions left by humans in the past was called as a relic of history. Its form is as follows:

a. Oral

That is all the story orally or in the words of the perpetrators or witnesses of historical events, among other forms of this oral form of legend, myth, sage, fables, and other folklore.

b. Writing

That is all kinds of written information about an historical event. This form of writing which include inscriptions, books, and other written documents.

c. Object

Ie objects relics of the past. Historical legacies that shaped this body of work such as building equipment, buildings, monuments and other shapes.

2. Artefacts Prehistoric Period

Prehistoric humans are humans who live in civilizations that are not familiar with writing. Their legacy in the form:

1. Ax handheld, which stemmed from the time ax paliolitku (old stone age).
2. Ax oval, namely the elliptical axes and pointy toes. This is a hatchet man of the era equipment Neolithic (stone age young).
3. Stone jewelry, jewelry is a klaung, bracelets and rings.
4. Menhir, which is big and tall stone building used as a marker or the Spirit's supernatural power.
5. Nekara, which gendering is decorated carvings.
6. Tools of bone and metal.
7. Tools of bone and metal.
8. Ancient paintings, the ancient paintings in the form of simple signs which are usually present in the cave.

3. Heritage Period History

Called the era of human history because it was familiar with writings that are then used as a reference in history. Human relics of that age in the form:

* Inscription
* Temple
* Palace
* Monument
* Mosque
* Museum

B. Origins of Place Names A

a. Origin of the Jakarta City Name

In 1527, the Sultan of Demak Kingdom Fatahillah led the fleet attacked the Portuguese who occupied the Sunda Kelapa. On 22 June 1527 the Portuguese were defeated, during the reign of Demak was the name of Sunda Kelapa renamed Jayakarta, which means city of victory or triumph.

Later in the Dutch colonial period in the form of a Batavia Jayakarta nam. But since the Proclamation of Independence on August 17, 1945 or Jakarta Jayakarta name was again used as a center of government.

Until now renamed Jakarta still used every June 22, residents celebrate its anniversary, when the Portuguese defeated Demak and the name of Sunda Kelapa was replaced with the name White Rose.

b. Name Origin Bandung

K ota Bandung is located disuatu plains surrounded by mountains. The town was bypassed by the River Citaru. As a result of lava and Mount Tangkuban Perahu, the river was clogged and formed a dam, weir preformance in many local languages ​​spoken word into Bandung.

Next place it into a lake that requires a boat crossing fatherly, The boat was named Boat of Bandung because it has a specially characteristic of two small boats tied together to load passengers for more.

The place is becoming increasingly crowded due to its beauty. Regent Priangan lose it Wiranatkusummah II, attracted by the place and want to use it as the capital district. Old capital located on Krapyak (now Dayeuh conservatively) considered too keselatan and flooding. Since it is established as the Capital Priangan Bandung. Anniversary is celebrated every September 25.

c. Origin of Yogyakarta City Name

Divide Et impera Politikm Dutch make Mataram must sign the agreement Gianti. Its contents, Mataram was divided into two parts, namely the West submitted to Prince Ario Mangkubumi and eastern submitted Pakubowono III.

Mangkubumi then holding the title Prince Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. By the retainer of the Palace, he is seen as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu in Sri Rama Knight attitude. In the epic Ramayana, Sri Rama is the King of the Kingdom of Ayodhya. Because it is appropriate that the Kingdom is called Ayodhya or Yodya. The hope for the kingdom Yodya secure, peaceful, peaceful. Ayodya name plus the "Karta" which means prosperous. At nam was also added the word "Sultanate" so that the pronunciation of Java into Ngayogyakarta. Subsequently the name into "Yogyakarta".

d. Name Origin of Surabaya City

Name of Surabaya is associated with a folklore in the area. frequently occur in ancient times a great fight between a shark and a crocodile named sura of the Java language is called Baya.

Both are always fighting over prey. When they get bored with the constant fights happen while they're still hungry stomach, they make a deal together. Sura looking for food in areas of water and aged in the area of ​​land. They use as a barrier beach. After the deal the two animals are both wild and rough it can live both on mutual respect and peaceful and tranquil.

Society in those days was very impressed with what the two animals were so named the place in Surabaya. They hope that peace and tranquility of the place can be maintained because of the attitude of mutual respect even in the next period and up to now. The name was still used. Coat of arms of cities and even then use the Fish and Crocodile. More Reading: Its Origin and Legend of Surabaya City

C. Keeping the Heritage Preservation

1. How to maintain the heritage

* No damage
* Building a heritage museum and put it menjadsi one
* Menggunakanyya as lesson material
* Restore and clean up of debris

2. Benefits of maintaining heritage

* Can be used as a source of knowledge
* Used as a tourist attraction
* Can be used as a national identity


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